House Bill 7

Actions | Amendments
Last Action 04/12/24: delivered to Secretary of State
Title AN ACT relating to autonomous vehicles.
Bill Documents Current
Introduced
Bill Request Number 290
Sponsors J. Bray, D. Meade , S. Bratcher, K. Timoney
Summary of Original Version Create various sections of KRS Chapter 186 to establish a regulatory framework for the operation of fully autonomous vehicles on public highways; define terms; establish requirements for autonomous vehicles and automated driving systems; require submission of a law enforcement interaction plan with the Transportation Cabinet and the Kentucky State Police and identify required elements of the plan; establish requirements for proof of insurance or self-insurance in the amount of $1 million for death or bodily injury and property damage for personal and commercial fully autonomous vehicles; require titling and registration of fully autonomous vehicles; establish the Transportation Cabinet as the sole agency responsible for administering statutes and regulations regarding fully autonomous vehicles; limit the regulatory authority of local governments in regard to the operation of fully autonomous vehicles; amend KRS 186.410 to establish that when an automated driving system is installed and engaged on a motor vehicle, the owner of a fully autonomous vehicle shall be considered operator of the vehicle for the purpose of assessing compliance with traffic or motor vehicle laws, and that the automated driving system is considered to be the licensed to operate the vehicle; create a new section of KRS Chapter 189 to exempt fully autonomous vehicles designed to be operated exclusively by an automated driving system from any vehicle equipment requirements of KRS 189.020 to KRS 189.205 that relate to vehicle operation by a human driver; amend KRS 189.635 to establish responsibility for the filing of accident reports and notification of law enforcement after accidents involving fully autonomous vehicles; amend KRS 281.010 to define terms relating to the operation of fully autonomous vehicles as motor carriers; amend KRS 281.630 to establish that any administrative regulations promulgated by the department that apply only to a human driver shall not apply to a fully autonomous vehicle; amend KRS 281.764 to require only the lead vehicle in a truck platoon to have a human driver behind the wheel of their vehicle; amend KRS 281.655 to establish minimum insurance requirements fully autonomous vehicles operating under a certificate issued under KRS Chapter 281 in the amount of $1 million for death or bodily injury and property.
Index Headings of Original Version Federal Laws and Regulations - Autonomous vehicles, compliance with NHTSA standards
Insurance, Motor Vehicle - Autonomous vehicles, minimum coverage requirements
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Safety - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
State Agencies - Transportation Cabinet, autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Administrative Regulations and Proceedings - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Driver Licensing - Autonomous vehicles, definition of driver
Jump to Proposed Amendments House Committee Substitute 1
House Floor Amendment 1
House Floor Amendment 2
House Floor Amendment 3
Senate Floor Amendment 1
Senate Floor Amendment 2
Senate Floor Amendment 3
Senate Floor Amendment 4
Senate Floor Amendment 5
Votes Vote History
Governor's Veto Message Veto

Actions

Top | Amendments
01/09/24
  • introduced in House
  • to Committee on Committees (H)
01/17/24
  • to Economic Development & Workforce Investment (H)
02/08/24
  • reported favorably, 1st reading, to Calendar with Committee Substitute (1)
  • floor amendment (1) filed to Committee Substitute
02/09/24
  • 2nd reading, to Rules
  • floor amendments (2) and (3) filed to Committee Substitute
02/14/24
  • posted for passage in the Regular Orders of the Day for Thursday, February 15, 2024
02/15/24
  • 3rd reading
  • Floor Amendments (1), (2) and (3) defeated
  • passed 61-31 with Committee Substitute (1)
02/16/24
  • received in Senate
  • to Committee on Committees (S)
02/20/24
  • to Economic Development, Tourism, & Labor (S)
03/07/24
  • reported favorably, 1st reading, to Calendar
  • floor amendments (1) and (2) filed
03/08/24
  • 2nd reading, to Rules
  • posted for passage in the Regular Orders of the Day for Monday, March 11, 2024
  • floor amendments (3) and (4) filed
03/11/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/12/24
  • floor amendment (5) filed
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/13/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/14/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/15/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/21/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/22/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/25/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/26/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/27/24
  • passed over and retained in the Orders of the Day
03/28/24
  • 3rd reading
  • floor amendments (2) (4) and (5) withdrawn
  • floor amendments (1) and (3) defeated
  • passed 20-18
  • received in House
  • enrolled, signed by Speaker of the House
  • enrolled, signed by President of the Senate
  • delivered to Governor
04/05/24
  • Vetoed
04/12/24
  • received in House
  • to Rules (H)
  • taken from Rules
  • posted for passage for consideration of Governor's veto
  • veto overridden
  • passed 58-40
  • received in Senate
  • to Rules (S)
  • posted for passage for consideration of Governor's veto
  • veto overridden
  • passed 21-15
  • received in House
  • enrolled, signed by Speaker of the House
  • enrolled, signed by President of the Senate
  • delivered to Secretary of State

Proposed Amendments

Top | Actions
Amendment House Committee Substitute 1
Summary Retain original provisions, except amend the definition of "SAE J3016" to include amendments to the standards; allow a person to operate a motor vehicle equipped with an automated driving system when the system achieves a minimal risk condition; provide that from the effective date of the Act until July 31, 2026, any fully autonomous vehicle for which the declared gross weight is more than 62,000 pounds shall be required to have an appropriately credentialed human driver in the vehicle to monitor the automated driving system and intervene if necessary; Section 14 of the Act, regarding platooning vehicles, EFFECTIVE August 1, 2026.
Index Headings Effective Dates, Delayed - Platoon vehicles, elimination of human driver requirement, August 1, 2026
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Safety - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Safety - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, authority and regulatory framework
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Driver Licensing - Autonomous vehicles, human drivers

Amendment House Floor Amendment 1
Sponsor J. Blanton
Summary Expand two-year requirement for a human driver in a fully autonomous vehicle to all commercial motor vehicles.
Index Headings Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, two-year driver requirement, commercial motor vehicles
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, two-year driver requirement, commercial motor vehicles
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, two-year driver requirement, commercial motor vehicles
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, two-year driver requirement, commercial motor vehicles

Amendment House Floor Amendment 2
Sponsor A. Camuel
Summary Retain provisions of the original bill, except prohibit the operation of any fully autonomous vehicle engaged in business, commercial, or industrial activity, without an appropriately credentialed human driver in the vehicle to monitor the automated driving system and intervene if necessary; remove changes that would allow trail vehicles in a platoon to operate without a human driver behind the wheel.
Index Headings Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Safety - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, human driver, requirement

Amendment House Floor Amendment 3
Sponsor A. Camuel
Summary Prohibit school districts from using fully autonomous vehicles as school buses or as any other vehicle to transport students.
Index Headings Education, Elementary and Secondary - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition

Amendment Senate Floor Amendment 1
Sponsor J. Turner
Summary Limit the operation of autonomous motor vehicles without a human driver to public highways within a five mile radius of a commercial airport.
Index Headings Aeronautics and Aviation - Autonomous vehicles, driverless operation, restrictions
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, driverless operation, restrictions
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, driverless operation, restrictions
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, driverless operation, restrictions
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, driverless operation, restrictions

Amendment Senate Floor Amendment 2
Sponsor J. Turner
Summary Extend the requirement for a human driver on commercial vehicles in excess of 62,000 pounds from July 31, 2026 to July 31, 2035; prohibit school districts from using fully autonomous vehicles as school buses or as any other vehicle to transport students.
Index Headings Education, Elementary and Secondary - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicle, human driver requirement, 62,000 pounds, 2035
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Transportation - Autonomous vehicle, human driver requirement, 62,000 pounds, 2035
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Technology - Autonomous vehicle, human driver requirement, 62,000 pounds, 2035
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, school buses, prohibition
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicle, human driver requirement, 62,000 pounds, 2035

Amendment Senate Floor Amendment 3
Sponsor D. Yates
Summary Increase all insurance minimum requirement amounts from $1 million to $5 million for both personal and commercial vehicles.
Index Headings Insurance, Motor Vehicle - Autonomous vehicles, minimum requirements
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, insurance, minimum requirements
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, insurance, minimum requirements
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, insurance, minimum requirements
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, insurance, minimum requirements

Amendment Senate Floor Amendment 4
Sponsor G. Williams
Summary Eliminate the two year requirement for a human driver in large autonomous vehicles; eliminate the delayed effective date for the amendments to 281.764, regarding platoon vehicles.
Index Headings Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicles, human driver requirement, elimination
Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicles, human driver requirement, elimination
Technology - Autonomous vehicles, human driver requirement, elimination
Transportation - Autonomous vehicles, human driver requirement, elimination

Amendment Senate Floor Amendment 5
Sponsor D. Yates
Summary Allow units of local government to impose conditions on autonomous vehicle operation within their jurisdictions.
Index Headings Motor Vehicles - Autonomous vehicle, local government regulation
Traffic Safety - Autonomous vehicle, local government regulation
Local Government - Autonomous vehicle, regulatory authority
Motor Carriers - Autonomous vehicle, local government regulation
Transportation - Autonomous vehicle, local government regulation
Consolidated Local Governments - Autonomous vehicle, regulatory authority
Cities - Autonomous vehicle, regulatory authority
Counties - Autonomous vehicle, regulatory authority
Technology - Autonomous vehicle, local government regulation

Last updated: 4/14/2024 1:20 PM (EDT)